The Environmental Accounts give an overview of KONGSBERG’s consumption of energy and water, CO2 emissions and production of waste. It encompasses all Norwegian units, all production
units and major offices abroad.
The accounts for 2014 reflect minor changes relative to 2013 in respect of energy use and waste. CO2 emissions for 2014 increased slightly relative to 2013. Registered water consumption increased substantially, due to better reporting.Three new units from Kongsberg Maritime (KM Middle East, KM Holland and Simrad Sl, Spain) are included in the reporting for 2014.
KONGSBERG uses energy in the form of electricity, district heating, gas and fuel oil. Kongsberg Technology Park makes district heating and remote cooling, gas and compressed air for enterprises located in the technology parks in Kongsberg. About half the production is supplied to other enterprises in the technology park. District heating and remote cooling are produced from electricity, fuel oil, gas and heat recovery. Efficient technology allows us some 25 GWh in savings each year thanks to the heat recovery plant at Kongsberg Technology Park.
Figures: Total energy consumption (GWh) for KONGSBERG. District heating produced at Kongsberg Technology Park is included in the figures for electricity, and oil and gas, as well as heat recovery. District heating (external) refers to district heating delivered to KONGSBERG from external suppliers.
KONGSBERG’s CO2 emissions have been calculated as recommended by the ‘Greenhouse Gas Protocol’ published by the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) and World Resources Institute (WRI). The environmental accounts encompass the following sources of CO2 emissions:
• Direct emissions (Scope 1): Emissions from the use of fuel oil and gas to heat buildings, as well as from the production of district heating at Kongsberg Technology Park.
• Indirect emissions from electricity (Scope 2): Emissions from the consumption of electricity or district heating or cooling from external suppliers. CO2 emission factors used for electricity are location-based and pursuant to GHG Protocol Scope 2 Guidance*).
• Emissions from flights (Scope 3): Emissions from national and international flights booked in Norway and abroad.
*) Source: 2014 data from the Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs, UK. http://www.ukconversionfactorscarbonsmart.co.uk/. For Norway, a location-based factor of 50t CO2/GWh (this emissions factor for Norway has also been used in earlier reporting years).
Emissions of CO2 were up by 2.8 per cent in 2014, compared with 2013. The Group’s growth in recent years through the establishment of many new businesses entails more activity, and not least more flights. The increase in CO2 emissions is ascribable to a steep increase in the number of flights taken.
Emissions from national and international flights booked in Norway have been included since 2010. For flights ordered outside Norway, reporting is not yet complete. Emissions from flights represented 57 per cent of total CO2 emissions, increasing by nearly 5 per cent in 2014, compared with 2013.
KONGSBERG generates waste from production and from office activities. Waste volumes are part of KONGSBERG’s in-house environmental reporting. The report covers generated waste broken down by category of waste and waste for recycling divided by recycling fractions. The total volume of waste for KONGSBERG was reduced in 2014 by 8 per cent from preceding years. Kongsberg Maritime accounts for 70 per cent of total waste, and in 2014, it reduced the volume of waste by 9 per cent compared with 2013. The volume of hazardous waste was cut by half, compared with 2013.
For 2014, KONGSBERG has improved its reporting. Forty units have reported water use in 2014, compared with 31 in 2013. Total reported water use is 176,743 cubic metres water, which is an increase of 52 per cent from 2013. There is still considerable uncertainty attached to the reports.
Water is the lifeblood of all life on earth. It is absolutely decisive for sustaining eco-systems and keeping the earth’s environment in balance. Meanwhile, access to clean water is in short supply many places. Getting access to clean water is and will increasingly be one of the main challenges facing sustainable value creation. What is more, flooding and droughts are growing global problems. The UN’s World Water Development Report 3 points out that initiatives are needed urgently if we are to avert a global water crisis. Population growth, rising consumption and climate change are three of the main explanations for this serious situation.